产业 | 看羊乳企业如何谋求源头升级

59d6cabfba354a7288f65fb12ecf694e

2018年,它被称为奶粉配方奶粉注册的第一年,2019年是全面实施配方奶粉注册的一年。与此同时,随着消费升级和消费者健康意识的影响,许多消费者正在购买奶粉产品。更加注重产品的安全和质量。

优质的产品离不开码头的源头。在婴幼儿配方奶粉行业,整个产业链建设几乎成为乳品企业的标准。特别是在山羊奶行业,初创企业相对较晚,规模小,山羊奶资源稀缺,因此整个产业链的建设尤为重要。

众所周知,牛奶的来源是世界上最好的,特别是在原料稀缺的羊奶行业。为了在源头上拥有更多的发言权,许多公司在源头上努力工作并尽力增加山羊奶的产量。

01

整个产业链是乳品企业的标准

乳制品行业的发展归根结底是乳制品质量的不断提高。但是,通过某种环节很难完全保证乳制品的安全性。这需要从源到终端的不间断控制。因此,整个产业链的建设势在必行。许多企业已经意识到这个问题,并尽早采取行动,不断建立和完善整个产业链。

自2008年以来,许多国内乳品公司已经建立了自己的农场和自控奶源,并保证了乳制品行业来源的产品质量。一些企业始终处于行业整个产业链建设的前沿。据了解,陕西和氏乳业自1992年成立以来一直沿袭整个产业链的建设,至今一直坚持。事实证明,整个产业链的发展是可行的,必须要做到。

在奶源方面,Heshi Dairy投资建设了2万个奶山羊生态农场项目,此外还有57万亩高寒草甸牧场,自建优质高山牧场和6个标准化示范养殖基地。

On June 3, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the General Administration of Customs, the Ministry of Commerce and other ministries jointly issued《国产婴幼儿配方乳粉提升行动方案》,《方案》pointed out that support infant formula milk powder The construction and upgrading of the source base will improve the breeding system for dairy animals and the prevention and control system for epidemic diseases, implement the purification action for dairy animal diseases, and improve the quality inspection and testing capabilities of raw milk. Promote the professional, large-scale and intelligent production of infant formula milk powder base, and promote good agricultural practices.

While interpreting the above《方案》, experts pointed out that milk source is the basis for ensuring the quality and safety of dairy products, and the quality of raw milk can produce good products. In the past ten years, China has gradually eliminated the "foster-type breeding and side-by-side operation" of the free-range model, vigorously developed the large-scale breeding of dairy cows, advocated enterprises to implement a new mode of industrial chain management, vigorously developed the company's own milk source, and vigorously promoted mechanical milking. Not only the quality and safety of raw milk are guaranteed, but also the main quality indicators are significantly improved.

Therefore,《方案》supports the construction and upgrading of infant formula milk source base, develops standardized scale farming, builds a high-quality milk source base, and promotes direct collaboration between dairy farming and milk powder processing. The quality and safety control is firmly in the hands of the company, and these policies are equally applicable in goat milk enterprises.

02

Breeding and breeding to help increase the yield of dairy goats

Since 2018, as more and more companies have entered the goat milk powder, so that the source of the upstream goat milk is in a state of “supply in short supply”, the purchase price has soared, and there have even been problems that cannot be bought with money.

Although the price has stabilized now, the scarcity of goat milk resources is an indisputable fact. In the final analysis, the production of dairy goats cannot keep up with production, and the relationship between supply and demand is not balanced.

xx为了解决这个问题,许多国内山羊奶公司正在建立自己的农场。一方面,自建和自控奶源是产品质量的基本保证,从源头上保证了足够的优质奶源供应和食品安全;另一方面,乳制品行业的整个产业链建设可以进一步提升企业的综合竞争力。避免因“乳源不足”引起的各种问题。

据了解,除了牛奶供应不足和奶山羊的数量问题之外,还存在中国奶山羊单产不高的问题。为了改善这一缺点,陕西的许多企业都在努力增加产量。

为了优化乳制品工业的来源,增加奶山羊的产量,陕西和氏乳业从国外进口纯种沙龙山羊。这种沙龙羊是世界上许多优良的奶山羊品种之一,原产于瑞士。母羊的泌乳期为8至10个月,产奶量为600至1200公斤,乳脂率为3.8至4.0%。奶山羊的平均泌乳期为6-7个月,年产奶量为450-600千克,乳脂率约为3.6%。

据了解,Heshi Dairy于5月份进口的Shah's奶山羊在经过45天的隔离期后正式进入He奶牛的生态农场。

奶山羊育种专业技师温静告诉《EBH母婴时代》,大部分进口奶山羊现在都用于奶山羊的繁殖。然而,优良品种的繁殖不仅仅是引入绵羊的问题。建立一系列工作,如育种档案和绩效衡量。

温静说,陕西奶山羊产奶山羊的育种一方面可以提高奶山羊的覆盖率,另一方面可以提高奶山羊的产奶性能。

据了解,中国奶山羊的单一产量并不高。陕西作为国内奶山羊的主产区,近年来一直受到近亲繁殖,产能降低和抗病能力下降的困扰。为了改善这一缺点,陕西的许多企业正着手养殖奶山羊。