儒家大师孟子:如何才能成为君子

Mencius's theory of sexual goodness is actually a bitter heart and encourages people to "because everyone can be a beggar"; he is afraid that human beings will fall into the dove of beings, so he often said, "The reason why people are different from the beasts, the people go, the gentleman saves "". The embarrassment of being a gentleman is to consciously preserve the goodness of the heart and to pursue benevolence and justice throughout his life. Mencius believes that the difference between a gentleman and an ordinary person is that the gentleman always wears the heart of the benevolent lover, always pretending to be rites. People who have a heart in their hearts can love others, and those who are in the heart can respect others. The relationship between people is like looking in the mirror. You smile with kindness to others, and others give you a warm hug. You are cold-faced to others, and others may hurt you. Therefore, "people who can love others, others often love him; people who can respect others, others often respect him." This is the gentleman's way of being a man.

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Gentlemen must not only love but also love things.

Mencius: "The gentleman is also in the things, love and Feren; Yumin also, the benevolence of the benevolence. Kiss and benevolent, benevolent and benevolent."

Mencius said: "A gentleman cares about everything, but does not treat it with kindness; for the people, treat him with Rende, but he does not love him. The gentleman loves his loved ones, and therefore loves the people, loves the people, and therefore loves everything." p>

Mencius believes that the human heart of love is limited, and can not be sung in the song, the world is love. Different from the love of the Mo family to the love of everyone in the world, Confucian love and love are inferior and in order. You should love your parents first, then love your brothers and sisters, your girlfriends, your girlfriends, and then give your love to everyone. In this kind of love from near to far, the love of filial piety that is closely linked by blood relationship is the most important. Because, only when you can dear loved ones, it is possible to push others to love others; only when you can love others can you care for the world. This kind of thought came to Zhang Zai, a famous philosopher in the Song Dynasty, and was summed up as "the people and the people." Zhang Zai said in《西铭》:

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“唐叫父亲,坤是母亲;对齐泽来说,它在中间。所以天地的堡垒,我的身体;天地的英雄,我的天性。人民,我的同胞,事物,我的和也。”/P>

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“天堂是我的父亲,地球是我的母亲。虽然宇宙中的人非常小,但他们都是天地的气质所形成的。阴阳是我身体的身体。宇宙的规律世界的本性。世界上的人是我的兄弟,天地之间的人和事是我的同伴和朋友。“不像法国哲学家萨特冷酷的判断”其他人是地狱“中国文化一直是儒家文化的温暖,是基于性善论,其他人是兄弟,一切都是朋友。中国文化的核心概念是追求和谐的价值,这是也是建立“人类命运共同体”的意识形态来源之一。

孟子曾经说过,生命的悲哀就是有人失去了良心而不知道要追逐。他失去了他的鸡,但他去那里找到它。根据孟子的逻辑,绅士肯定不会追逐鸡,因为绅士善于保护心灵的善良,即使他输了,他也会找到一种方法来恢复善良,因为他追求道德。快乐。

孟子说:“土地上的所有人,绅士都想要它,音乐不是意思;中间和下层,四海人民,绅士幸福,性别不存在。绅士的性,虽然大线没有加冕,但穷人没有被毁坏,他们被分为同一个。绅士的性,仁慈,正义和悲伤都植根于心中。颜色也被震慑,从脸上可以看出,背部是应用的,四个身体是不言而喻的。“/P>

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Mencius said: "The vast land and the numerous people make the gentleman hope, but the fun is not here. Living in the center of the world, the people of the world, the gentleman is happy, but the nature is not here. The nature of the gentleman, It won't increase because of the smoothness of life, nor will it be reduced because of the difficulty of life, because the score has been fixed. The nature of the gentleman, the righteousness and righteousness are rooted in the heart, and the sentiment is mellow and warm, and it is revealed in the face. On the shoulders, filling the shoulders, flowing to the limbs, by raising your hands, you don't have to speak, others can see at a glance."

The road to benevolence and righteousness can enhance temperament, and let the gentleman's body exude a charming glory. This is the beauty of morality. Through profound understanding of the path of benevolence and righteousness, the gentleman achieves the realm of peace of mind and self-satisfaction. This kind of realm allows the gentleman to gain independence in personality. No matter whether he is a person or a person, he can do whatever he wants.

Mencius said: "The gentleman is deeply convinced that he wants to be self-sufficient. If he is self-sufficient, he will live in peace; if he is in peace, he will be deeply invested; if he is deep, he will take his or her own source, so the gentleman wants his own content. Also."

Mencius said: "A gentleman must reach a high level of accomplishment and enter a profound realm. He must adopt the correct method, so as to obtain a realm of peace of mind. Only when the peace of mind is self-satisfied, can it be mastered and accumulated deeply; Get up and down."

Confucian philosophy is "learning for oneself" and believes that in moral cultivation, there has never been a "savior and an emperor", and everything depends on oneself. "Gentlemen seek for themselves" and "small people ask for people", gentlemen always go to the heart to find benevolence and justice, the villain always asks for help from others, things become, credit is their own, things are not good, responsibility is others . On the basis of Confucius's thought, Mencius believes that a promising person is a person who stands up to his own morality; a true gentleman should constantly improve himself in the pursuit of Taoism, so as to achieve the freedom of "self-satisfaction". realm.

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